The ease, comfort, affordability and taste that make addictive from fast food has attracted so many people. Starting from those served in restaurants to instant food packaging. Instant food, according to the CDC, instant food is closely related to obesity.
Especially the health hazards that may arise from consuming too much instant food? Below is the explanation.
Increased Risk of Type-2 diabetes
Many high-calorie fast food without many nutrients. Instant or fast food contains many processed grains, sugar and saturated fats, even trans fats. All of this correlates with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
After examining the eating habits of people living in Singapore, researchers found that those who like fast food have a higher risk of developing type-2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, according to a study in the 2012 Circulation journal.
Eating too much sugar and refined carbohydrates causes the body to produce extra insulin. As a result, sensitivity to insulin decreases and the body cannot process glucose properly. Excess residual glucose in the blood will trigger inflammation and type 2 diabetes.
Type-2 diabetes can be prevented by lifestyle changes, such as reducing fast food and exercising regularly.
Fast Food Contribute to Obesity
About 78,600,000 adults in the United States qualify as obesity, and that’s more than a third of the population there, the Journal of American Medical Association reported in 2014. Obesity increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke and certain types of cancer. It also causes problems with sleep apnea, gallstones, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Having a fast food restaurant within 0.16 km of school increases the incidence of obesity in adolescents by 5.2 percent.
Pregnant women who live within 0.81 km of fast food restaurants are more at risk of gaining excessive weight, according to a study published in the American Economic Journal 2010.
Trans Fat, Salt and Low Nutrition
Although the Food and Drug Administration has called for a ban on the use of trans fats in food, and usually this policy affects the food industry around the world, in fact there are still many fast food restaurants that provide food containing trans fats. Likewise with instant food at supermarkets
Trans fats are very dangerous because they increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. Trans fats increase levels of bad cholesterol, or low-density lipoprotein, and reduce good cholesterol levels, or high-density lipoprotein.
Other ingredients that are widely used by instant food and fast food are sodium. Eating fast food makes it easier for you to over sodium, which should not exceed 2,300 milligrams per day.
The use of sodium in instant food is common, as a flavor enhancer and adds a savory flavor. Too much salt or sodium will have implications for the risk of high blood pressure, stroke and kidney health. Fast food and instant food also tend to be low in fiber, important vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients that you will easily get from fresh vegetables, fruits and grains.
Reducing the Impact of Instant and Fast Food
The easiest way to reduce the health effects of fast food is to eliminate it from your routine and to choose homemade foods consisting of protein, fresh vegetables, whole grains and low-fat milk.
If you are forced to choose fast food, ask for nutritional information from the available menus. Choose low calories, fat and sodium. The same rule applies to instant food. Read labels on packaging to find out which ones are low in fat, sodium and calories.